CROHN'S Disease is an ongoing and life-long condition once diagnosed and there is no cure for the disease.
It was name after a New York doctor, Burrill Crohn, who reported a number of cases back in 1932.
What is Crohn's Disease?
It is a condition that causes inflammation of the digestive system.
The inflammation is the body's reaction to injury or irritation, and can cause redness, swelling and pain.
It is often described as a chronic condition and although sufferers will have periods of good health, there are flare-ups where symptoms are more active.
It is one of the two main forms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease – the other is a condition known as Ulcerative Colitis.
It can be caused by the genes a person has inherited, an abnormal reaction of the immune system and is probably triggered by something in the environment.
Amy Dowden, a Strictly Come Dancing professional, has suffered with the condition for years.
She was forced to pull out of a live show after an "unexpected Crohn's flare up".
The condition causes severe inflammation and ulcers in the digestive system and has landed her in hospital more than 100 times.
What are the signs and symptoms of Crohn's disease?
Common symptoms include recurring diarrhoea, abdominal pain and cramping – usually worse after eating and extreme tiredness.
Unintended weight loss and blood and mucus in your stools are also common symptoms.
People may only experience one of the above symptoms and some experience severe symptoms or mild problems.
There may also be weeks or months where symptoms are mild or non-existent.
Less common symptoms include a high temperature, feeling sick and being sick, joint pain and swelling, inflammation and irritation of the eyes and mouth ulcers.
If you have persistent diarrhoea, abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss or blood in your stools, visit your GP.
Does it cause weight gain?
People who suffer from Crohn’s disease can find it difficult to maintain a healthy weight.
Weight loss and weight gain are both symptoms of Crohn’s.
Certain medicines for the condition can also affect weight.
A common one, prednisone, is known to cause temporary weight gain.
Often weight loss is one of the main symptoms, which cause be caused by a lack of appetite.
Medication can also cause nausea and abdominal pain, further reducing appetite.
People may also fail to properly absorb nutrients due to their condition, again leading to weight loss.
And if a certain food or food group is known to exacerbate someone’s symptoms, they may avoid it entirely.
If you have lost a lot of weight or are failing to maintain a healthy weight, your doctor will likely work out a diet and nutrition plan.
What is the treatment for Crohn's disease?
There is no cure for the disease, so treatment aims to reduce symptoms and maintain remission.
Drugs and surgery can give long periods of relief from symptoms, and some may cause temporary weight gain.
Some people say smoking cannabis eases the symptoms.
Simpler things like eating different foods and working out what might be causing flare-ups can be helpful.
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