What is autoimmune enteropathy?

CHILDREN are typically more susceptible to illnesses due to their underdeveloped immune systems.

One health condition that children could get is autoimmune enteropathy, whichoften leads to a messy situation.

What is autoimmune enteropathy?

Autoimmune enteropathy, AIE, is known as a rare condition that often causes children to have severe cases of diarrhea, often requiring intravenous fluids.

The condition is treated by using corticosteroids and other medicines that help suppress the immune system.

In some cases, a special diet is required as well as the use of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Autoimmune enteropathy is caused when the body's immune system attacks itself and irritates the lining of the intestine, according to the Cincinnati Children's Hospital.

What are the symptoms of autoimmune enteropathy?

Autoimmune enteropathy typically has six main symptoms.

Those include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Decreased urine output
  • Blood in the stool
  • Skin rashes
  • Problems either losing or gaining weight
  • Frequent infections

It is recommended to contact a doctor if your child's diarrhea gets worse or if they have a fever higher than 100.4 degrees fahrenheit.

How do you test for it?

When trying to determine if your child has autoimmune enteropathy, doctors will perform a number of tests.

There are special blood tests that can be run in order to help a diagnosis and sometimes doctors will perform on endoscopy.

An endoscopy is a nonsurgical procedure that helps doctors look at the stomach and small intestines.

They often do this by using a flexible tube with a light and camera attached to it.

Can adults get autoimmune enteropathy?

Autoimmune enteropathy is very rare among children, but it is ever rarer in adults.

According to a study published by the United States National Library of Medicine from the Mayo Clinic of Rochester, there have been only 11 cases of adult autoimmune enteropathy reported to date.

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